Hardly a day goes by that we don’t see a dog or cat with something wrong with their skin. Causes of skin problems are similar to the causes of eye problems. Parasites are probably the number one cause of the skin problems we see, and the most common parasite we see are fleas. We have very very effective treatments for fleas - some of these products also work on ticks. We currently offer Vectra, Advantage, Advantage Multi, Comfortis, Revolution, Sentinel, and Trifexis.  The newest addition to our lineup is Bravecto, a chewable tablet for dogs or a liquid to apply to the back of the neck for cats, that kills fleas and most ticks for 3 whole months.  I have been very impressed with it's effectiveness.   Please see the section on Heartworm preventatives and flea control products for a description of each of these products. We also see ticks and mites (mites cause mange). We see a lot of bacterial infections of the skin, and we see some fungal infections also. We see many allergic problems. We also see dogs and cats that damage their own skin, and the damage the dog or cat is doing quickly becomes more important than whatever initially caused the pet to start to chew or scratch at itself. We treat skin problems with parasiticides, antibiotics, and antifungal agents. We may dispense medicated shampoos to help your dog’s skin. We also will use cortisone type drugs in some cases, and we will see if you dog responds to antihistamines for skin allergies. Should we not be able to achieve satisfactory control of your dog’s skin problem, I will refer you to Dr. Vandre Clear or Dr. Karen Campbell.  They are board certified in veterinary dermatology, and they are very good dermatologists.